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What most children do by this toddler age:

Social and Emotional

  • Copies others, especially adults and older children

  • Gets excited when with other children

  • Shows more and more independence

  • Shows defiant behavior (doing what he has been told not to)

  • Plays mainly beside other children, but is beginning to include other children, such as in chase games



  • Points to things or pictures when they are named

  • Knows names of familiar people and body parts

  • Says sentences with 2 to 4 words

  • Follows simple instructions

  • Repeats words overheard in conversation

  • Points to things in a book


Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving)

  • Finds things even when hidden under two or three covers

  • Begins to sort shapes and colors

  • Completes sentences and rhymes in familiar books

  • Plays simple make-believe games

  • Builds towers of 4 or more blocks

  • Might use one hand more than the other

  • Follows two-step instructions such as “Pick up your shoes and put them in the closet.”

  • Names items in a picture book such as a cat, bird, or dog


Movement/Physical Development

  • Stands on tiptoe

  • Kicks a ball

  • Begins to run

  • Climbs onto and down from furniture without help

  • Walks up and down stairs holding on

  • Throws ball overhand

  • Makes or copies straight lines and circles

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